||Name : De Bévère|
First name : Maurice
Nickname : Morris
Date of birth : December 1, 1923
Occupation : Scenario writer-draughtsman
Main work : Lucky Luke
Maurice de Bévère was born on December 1, 1923 in Courtrai (Belgium). When he was 20
years old, he went in a studio creating cartoons, at which he worked with Franquin, Will,
Paape... under the direction of Joseph Gillain alias Jijé. At that time, Jijé was to
make live a half-dozen of characters and was overworking. Eventually he
decided to entrust several of his heroes to the young artists of the studio. They all
accepted (Spirou became the work of Franquin) except the small fair one with glasses who
proposed to add a cow-boy to the world of the Comics ; a cow-boy with a great sense of
humor because the dramatic adventures of Red Ryder, " the red rider ", were
Lucky Luke was born. Maurice had made the demonstration of his humor by creating covers
amusing for the Mosquito newspaper. Because the readers enjoyed his illustrations the readers, Maurice de Bévère, now called Morris, was allowed to publish the first adventures of the famous cow-boy in Spirou-Magazine (Mosquito and Spirou belong to the same editor) at the end of the year
1946. The history names Arizona 1880 and counts only one score of pages. The characters
refer round because of the cartoons training of Morris (curves were easier to "animate" than the lines). This episode provided a great success to Morris,
then he was invited to pursue. "Rodeo" and "the gold mine of Dick Digger" reflected the Lucky Luke success story.
Then, Morris left Europe to settle in New York. With Franquin and Jijé, he undertook to
travel throughout the United States, he visited the North, the South, the Rocky
mountains, the small towns, the Rio Grande, etc... During these 6 years spent in Manhattan, he became acquainted with a "very funny" young French
man who said that he made laugh indifferently in English or French: Rene Goscinny
. Together they spoke about the West, cow-boys movies... But also about the future. Morris and Goscinny tandem were now the authors of the adventures of the " poor lonesome cow-boy ". Back
in Europe, Goscinny and Morris started their collaboration when they wrote the album
" Of the rails on the meadows ". But at that time the job of scenario writer was
not really acknowledged, the Co-creation of Lucky Luke by the duet was only officialized when " the rivals of Painful Gulch " were published.
As years went by, Lucky Luke became less and less the " poor lonesome cow-boy ".
Of course, the fathers of the hero had become perfect experts of the Far West. Goscinny
read a lot of books, biographies, reports... about Western America. Soon he started
again, on another subject: the birth of the small Gallic. Then Lucky Luke met famous
characters of Far West like Billy the Kid, judge Roy Bean who made " the law in the
west of Pecos ", Jesse James, Calamity Jane, Rantanplan
(Rintintin re-examined by Morris and Goscinny) and Dalton.
After the death of Goscinny in 1977, the scenario of Lucky Luke was taken again by many
authors: Vicq, De Groot, Mow, Léturgie, Hartog Van Banda, Dom Domi and Lodewijk. The
lonesome cow-boy was the hero of 3 movies: Daisy Town (1971), the Ballade of Dalton
(1978) and Dalton in Mare (1983). The adventures of Lucky Luke were featured at the
television. Lucky Luke had to stop smoking, it was rewarded by the OMS (the World
Health Organization) within a framework for the World Day without Cigarette to have shown
the good example. June 27, 1992, the Academy of the Great Prices confered the Great
Special Price on Morris at the 20th Anniversary of the International Show of the Comic
strip in Angouleme.
The adventures of Lucky Luke were translated in 30 languages and known throughout the
world, as a great classic French comic strip , like Tintin and Asterix. Morris is one of
the few authors who dedicated their work to only one hero.